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Vietnam: How this country of 95 million kept its coronavirus death toll at zero

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Motorbike riders with face masks are stuck in traffic during the morning peak hour on May 19 in Hanoi.

To skeptics, Vietnam’s official numbers may seem too good to be true. But Guy Thwaites, an infectious disease doctor who works in one of the main hospitals designated by the Vietnamese government to treat Covid-19 patients, said the numbers matched the reality on the ground.

“I go to the wards every day, I know the cases, I know there has been no death,” said Thwaites, who also heads the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Ho Chi Minh City.

“If you had unreported or uncontrolled community transmission, then we’ll be seeing cases in our hospital, people coming in with chest infections perhaps not diagnosed — that has never happened,” he said.

So how has Vietnam seemingly bucked the global trend and largely escaped the scourge of the coronavirus? The answer, according to public health experts, lies in a combination of factors, from the government’s swift, early response to prevent its spread, to rigorous contact-tracing and quarantining and effective public communication.

Acting early

Vietnam started preparing for a coronavirus outbreak weeks before its first case was detected.

At the time, the Chinese authorities and the World Health Organization had both maintained that there was no “clear evidence” for human-to-human transmission. But Vietnam was not taking any chances.

“We were not only waiting for guidelines from WHO. We used the data we gathered from outside and inside (the country to) decide to take action early,” said Pham Quang Thai, deputy head of the Infection Control Department at the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Hanoi.

By early January, temperature screening was already in place for passengers arriving from Wuhan at Hanoi’s international airport. Travelers found with a fever were isolated and closely monitored, the country’s national broadcaster reported at the time.
By mid-January, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam was ordering government agencies to take “drastic measures” to prevent the disease from spreading into Vietnam, strengthening medical quarantine at border gates, airports and seaports.
On January 23, Vietnam confirmed its first two coronavirus cases — a Chinese national living in Vietnam and his father, who had traveled from Wuhan to visit his son. The next day, Vietnam’s aviation authorities canceled all flights to and from Wuhan.
As the country celebrated the Lunar New Year holiday, its Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc declared war on the coronavirus. “Fighting this epidemic is like fighting the enemy,” he said at an urgent Communist Party meeting on January 27. Three days later, he set up a national steering committee on controlling the outbreak — the same day the WHO declared the coronavirus a public health emergency of international concern.
On February 1, Vietnam declared a national epidemic — with just six confirmed cases recorded across the country. All flights between Vietnam and China were halted, followed by the suspension of visas to Chinese citizens the next day.
Over the course of the month, the travel restrictions, arrival quarantines and visa suspensions expanded in scope as the coronavirus spread beyond China to countries like South Korea, Iran and Italy. Vietnam eventually suspended entry to all foreigners in late March.
A Vietnamese People's Army officer stands next to a sign warning about the lockdown on the Son Loi commune in Vinh Phuc province on February 20.
Vietnam was also quick to take proactive lockdown measures. On February 12, it locked down an entire rural community of 10,000 people north of Hanoi for 20 days over seven coronavirus cases — the first large-scale lockdown known outside China. Schools and universities, which had been scheduled to reopen in February after the Lunar New Year holiday, were ordered to remain closed, and only reopened in May.

Thwaites, the infectious disease expert in Ho Chi Minh City, said the speed of Vietnam’s response was the main reason behind its success.

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“Their actions in late January and early February were very much in advance of many other countries. And that was enormously helpful … for them to be able to retain control,” he said.

Meticulous contact-tracing

The decisive early actions effectively curbed community transmission and kept Vietnam’s confirmed cases at just 16 by February 13. For three weeks, there were no new infections — until the second wave hit in March, brought by Vietnamese returning from abroad.

Authorities rigorously traced down the contacts of confirmed coronavirus patients and placed them in a mandatory two-week quarantine.

“We have a very strong system: 63 provincial CDCs (centers for disease control), more than 700 district-level CDCs, and more than 11,000 commune health centers. All of them attribute to contact tracing,” said doctor Pham with the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology.

A confirmed coronavirus patient has to give health authorities an exhaustive list of all the people he or she has met in the past 14 days. Announcements are placed in newspapers and aired on television to inform the public of where and when a coronavirus patient has been, calling on people to go to health authorities for testing if they have also been there at the same time, Pham said.

A woman stands in a queue to provide a sample at a makeshift testing centre near the Bach Mai hospital in Hanoi on March 31.

When the Bach Mai hospital in Hanoi, one of the biggest hospitals in Vietnam, became a coronavirus hotspot with dozens of cases in March, authorities imposed a lockdown on the facility and tracked down nearly 100,000 people related to the hospital, including medics, patients, visitors and their close contacts, according to Pham.

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“Using contact-tracing, we located almost everyone, and asked them to stay home and self quarantine, (and that) if they have any symptoms, they can visit the health centers for free testing,” he said.

Authorities also tested more than 15,000 people linked to the hospitals, including 1,000 health care workers.

Vietnam’s contact-tracing effort was so meticulous that it goes after not only the direct contacts of an infected person, but also indirect contacts. “That’s one of the unique parts of their response. I don’t think any country has done quarantine to that level,” Thwaites said.

All direct contacts were placed in government quarantine in health centers, hotels or military camps. Some indirect contacts were ordered to self isolate at home, according to a study of Vietnam’s Covid-19 control measures by about 20 public health experts in the country.
A roadside barber donning a face mask gives a haircut to a customer in Hanoi.

As of May 1, about 70,000 people had been quarantined in Vietnam’s government facilities, while about 140,000 had undergone isolation at home or in hotels, the study said.

The study also found that of the country’s first 270 Covid-19 patients, 43 percent were asymptomatic cases — which it said highlighted the value of strict contact-tracing and quarantine. If authorities had not proactively sought out people with infection risks, the virus could have quietly spread in communities days before being detected.

Public communication and propaganda

From the start, the Vietnamese government has communicated clearly with the public about the outbreak.

Dedicated websites, telephone hotlines and phone apps were set up to update the public on the latest situations of the outbreak and medical advisories. The ministry of health also regularly sent out reminders to citizens via SMS messages.

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Pham said on a busy day, the national hotlines alone could receive 20,000 calls, not to count the hundreds of provincial and district-level hotlines.

A propaganda poster on preventing the spread of the coronavirus is seen on a wall as a man smokes a cigarette along a street in Hanoi.
The country’s massive propaganda apparatus was also mobilized, raising awareness of the outbreak through loudspeakers, street posters, the press and social media. In late February, the health ministry released a catchy music video based on a Vietnamese pop hit to teach people how to properly wash their hands and other hygiene measures during the outbreak. Known as the “hand-washing song,” it immediately went viral, so far attracting more than 48 million views on Youtube.

Thwaites said Vietnam’s rich experience in dealing with infectious disease outbreaks, such as the SARS epidemic from 2002 to 2003 and the following avian influenza, had helped the government and the public to better prepare for the Covid-19 pandemic.

“The population is much more respectful of infectious diseases than many perhaps more affluent countries or countries that don’t see as much infectious disease — Europe, the UK and the US for example,” he said.

“The country understands that these things need to be taken seriously and complies with guidance from the government on how to prevent the infection from spreading.”

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Australia, dipimpin oleh Alex Carey, memenangkan ODI terakhir melawan Sri Lanka dengan empat wicket

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Di bawah bimbingan Alex Carey, Australia berhasil melewati awal yang buruk dan lapangan yang menantang untuk mengalahkan Sri Lanka dengan empat wicket di ODI terakhir.

Gary (45 tidak keluar dari 65 bola) memainkan babak yang sabar dan penting untuk mengejar 161 untuk gawang Kolombo, yang memberikan putaran mewah dan beberapa pantulan, menyapu dengan baik, dengan Australia tersisa 10,3 over di depan target mereka pada hari Jumat. Sri Lanka memenangkan lima pertandingan seri di pertandingan keempat, tetapi kekalahan itu mengurangi skor akhir menjadi 3-2.

Tuan rumah kehilangan dua wicket pertama mereka untuk 12 run di over kelima dan Australia memulai lebih buruk, jatuh ke 19-3 setelah 5,2. Marnus Labuzakne (31 dari 58 bola) dan Mitch Marsh (24 dari 50 bola) menambahkan 31 run.

Gary dan Lapushakne (31 dari 58 bola) menambahkan 51 run untuk gawang kelima sebelum pemintal lengan kiri berusia 19 tahun Dunith Wellalake (3 untuk 42 dari 10 bola) ditangkap di LPW. Skor pertama dari stand mereka adalah empat, tetapi tidak ada batasan lain karena mereka mengarahkan bola untuk single lebih efisien daripada mengambil beberapa risiko dan memainkan tembakan berbahaya.

Australia pergi tanpa empat dari 94 bola, dengan Glenn Maxwell (17 dari 16 bola) memecahkan kekeringan dengan merangkak di overs berturut-turut. Namun, untuk meninggalkan Australia pada 121-6 setelah 32 over, Maxwell dibersihkan oleh pengiriman balik yang luar biasa oleh Wellalake. Gary dan Cameron Green (25 tidak keluar dari 26) memimpin Australia menuju kemenangan melalui kemitraan yang berangin.

Australia berjuang untuk mengatasi off-spinner Mahesh Deekshana (dua untuk 26 dari 10 bola) saat ia mengambil giliran yang signifikan dan memantulkan bola baru. Tim tuan rumah mengajukan banding pada beberapa kesempatan, tetapi menggunakan semua ulasan mereka dalam 11 over.

Pada over kedua, kapten Australia Aaron Finch tertangkap basah ketika dia mencoba menyapu spinner Mahesh Deekshana dengan slip. David Warner, yang melakukan two fours pada over pertama, jatuh karena pukulan diving yang luar biasa di mid-off Dhanushka Gunathilaka selama 10 run. Debutan Josh Inglis, yang datang ke Travis Head yang terluka, terpeleset kakinya oleh Deekshana dan mengenai empat yang megah.

Sebelumnya, Sri Lanka memenangkan undian dan memilih bowl out untuk 160 dalam 43,1 over. Mereka kehilangan delapan wicket di babak pertama dan dominasi tim Australia digarisbawahi oleh penampilan langka dari tiga pemain jarak dekat yang melakukan ODI.

Mereka jatuh ke 62-7, tetapi kemitraan gawang kedelapan dan kesembilan masing-masing adalah 23 dan 58, memastikan mereka menghindari penghinaan karena tidak mencapai tiga poin.

Samika Karunaratne, yang sebelumnya memiliki skor ODI yang sangat baik 44, mencetak 75 dari beberapa bola dan menunjukkan perlawanan yang mengagumkan. Datang di 8, ia mengecam dua enam dari Lapushakne dan menambahkan delapan merangkak.

Pelari cepat terkemuka Josh Hazlewood (2 untuk 22 dalam 7 over), Pat Cummins (22 untuk 2 dalam 6,1) dan Matthew Kuhnman (2 untuk 26 dalam 10) melakukan bowling dengan baik dan beberapa tembakan tangkas dan terburu-buru membantu mereka. Hazlewood menolak kedua pembuka dalam lima over pertama, tetapi penurunan urutan tengah 4-6 dalam delapan bola yang mencegah babak tim tuan rumah.

Pendukung tuan rumah memuji Australia, banyak yang mengenakan kaus kuning dan lainnya membawa spanduk ucapan terima kasih kepada pengunjung yang telah berkeliling negara mereka.

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BTS ‘Jungkook dan banyak Charlie Bud kemitraan EPIC tidak hanya ‘kiri dan kanan’, tapi sepanjang jalan

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Internet diserbu setelah Charlie Bud mengumumkan kolaborasi barunya BTS ‘Jungkook Awal minggu ini. Lagu mereka Left and Right akhirnya dirilis pada 24 Juni dan menerima sambutan hangat dari para penggemar untuk lirik dan perkusi kakinya. Lagu Charlie dan Jung sudah dianggap sebagai lagu musim panas 2022.

Dalam hal kolaborasi, Bud diketahui telah bekerja sama dengan banyak artis terkenal dan bahkan dengan Junk, ini bukan pertama kalinya dia bekerja dengan seorang penyanyi. Sebelumnya di MGA 2018, kedua artis tersebut bekerja sama untuk membawakan cover We Don’t Talk Animore di MBC Plus X Genie Music Awards. Namun, dengan lagu terbaru mereka, duo ini muncul dengan posisi nomor satu di peringkat perusahaan.

Berikut adalah MV Kiri dan Kanan Charlie Buth and Junk:

Selain memberikan nomor popping dengan MV Kiri dan Kanan, Charlier dan JK Funky juga menawarkan tampilan melepaskan halaman monokrom dan warna-warni mereka di video. Ketika kita memikirkan kolaborasi Puth, jelas bahwa kiri dan kanan saat ini adalah nomor satu, tetapi inilah beberapa hal yang paling menarik di dunia.

Sampai jumpa lagi – Vis Khalifa

Charlie Butho Dia menerima pengakuan dunia untuk lagu ini, yang dia kolaborasikan dengan Wis Khalifa. Bud ikut menulis, memproduksi dan tampil dengan Wis Khalifa untuk soundtrack Furious 7 sebagai penghormatan kepada mendiang aktor Paul Walker.

Kami tidak akan berbicara lagi – Selena Gomez

Lagu populer lainnya dari karir Charlie adalah lagu terakhir We Don’t Talk Anymore, yang ditulis bersama dengan Jacob Casher. Selena Gomez Untuk itu pada tahun 2016.

Marvin Gaye – Pelatih Megan

Marvin Gaye dirilis pada 2015 dan memenangkan cinta para penggemar saat ia bekerja dengan Charlie Megan Trainor. Keduanya terkenal membawakan lagu tersebut di American Music Awards 2015 dan membuat warganet kesurupan setelah kedua artis tersebut berciuman di atas panggung.

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Mudah – 5 detik musim panas

Charlie Butt bekerja sama dengan 5 Seconds of Summer untuk Easy Track versi band. Solo 5SOS baru ditulis bersama oleh Ryan Tetter, Louis Bell, Ali Tambozi dan Andrew Watt.

Bagikan dengan kami pendapat Anda tentang lagu terbaru Charlie Bud dan Junk di kiri dan kanan di komentar di bawah.

Baca selengkapnya: BTS ‘Junk and Charlie Butt membawakan single pop,’ Groove’ dan single romantis dengan ‘Kiri dan Kanan’

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Anies mengkonfirmasi peluncuran JIS Grand pada bulan Juli

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Jakarta – Gubernur DKI Jakarta Anis Basvedan menegaskan Jakarta International Stadium (JIS) akan dibuka pada Juli 2022.

“JIS Grand Lansing merupakan perayaan Jakarta, puncak dari rangkaian acara di Jakarta, sehingga akan banyak acara yang salah satunya adalah acara launching.

Meski tidak merinci tanggal pasti peresmian stadion baru, Anis mengatakan publik diperbolehkan menghadiri upacara peluncuran yang menandai pembukaan pertama fasilitas tersebut.

“(Masyarakat) bisa ke sana nanti,” kata Anies.

Sebelumnya, Pemprov DKI Jakarta menggelar hajatan di Jakarta pada Rabu (22/6) dalam rangka memperingati 495 tahun jatuhnya DKI Jakarta.

Perayaan Jakarta akan ditutup pada Sabtu (25/6) dengan malam pembukaan Jakarta International Stadium (JIS) yang merupakan puncak dari HUT DKI Jakarta ke 495.

Namun, Upacara Pembukaan BUMD DKI Jakarta, PT Jakarta Propertindo (Jakpro) Menunda pembukaan Stadion Internasional Jakarta (JIS) untuk pertama kalinya pada Sabtu (25/6) hingga Juli 2022.

“Mudah-mudahan Juli nanti,” kata Ketua Direktur Jackpro VD Amanasto di gedung DPRD DKI.

Namun, VD tidak merinci alasan pembatalan acara pelantikan JIS yang dijadwalkan Sabtu (25/6), puncak dari HUT ke-495 DKI Jakarta.

Dia tidak memberikan tanggal pasti untuk upacara pembukaan JIS, tetapi hanya menyebutkan bulan Juli.


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