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China’s defense budget shows Xi’s priorities as economy tightens

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China convenes parliament meeting delayed by pandemic

2020 will mark the first time in decades that China has not set a growth target for its economy. Last year, Beijing targeted growth in the range of 6% to 6.5%. GDP grew 6.1%, its slowest pace in nearly 30 years.

Then came the coronavirus pandemic and a weekslong economic shutdown throughout much of China. GDP shrank 6.8% in the first quarter, the first contraction Beijing has reported since 1976.

As the economy contracted, external pressures were mounting.

The US military was boosting challenges to Beijing’s claims in the South China Sea, including back-to-back naval Freedom of Navigation exercises in April and flights of B-1 bombers, the heaviest in the US Air Force inventory, originating from both Guam and the US mainland.

And when spending numbers for 2020 were announced last Friday, Beijing’s priorities were immediately clear.

The military shares in the pain — its budget increase was the lowest in decades — but the PLA’s pain was minor compared to the blows dealt to other areas of China’s government.

For example, the budget was down 13.3% for general public services, down 11.8% for foreign affairs, down 7.5% for education and down 9.1% for science and technology.

“The proposed budget suggests Beijing feels insecure and under siege,” said Timothy Heath, senior researcher at the RAND Corp. think tank in Washington.

“The robust spending increase reflects intense anxiety about deepening tensions with China’s top competitor, the United States, as well as over the fading hopes for peaceful unification with Taiwan,” Heath said.

“Beijing also has ample reason to bolster defense and security spending to manage mounting problems of domestic turmoil in Hong Kong, western provinces, or across the country as unemployment soars and growth slackens due to the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.”

Wu Qian, spokesman for the Chinese Defense Ministry, said Beijing’s defense budget was appropriate for the times.

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“It can be said that the world is not peaceful,” Wu said on the sidelines of the National People’s Congress this week.

“China’s homeland security and overseas interests are also facing some real threats….

“It is reasonable and necessary that China’s defense spending increased moderately and steadily,” Wu said.

Comparing with the US

Beijing also touted the military budget increase as its smallest in years, and said the overall number was a fraction of the money spent by some foreign militaries.

In fact, Zhang Yesui, spokesperson for the third session of the 13th National People’s Congress, told a press conference last week that “China’s total defense spending in 2019 only amounted to a quarter that of the world’s largest defense spender.

That largest defense spender is the United States, according to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

IISS figures released in February show the US spent $686 billion on defense in 2019 compared with $181 billion by China, No. 2 on the IISS world rankings.
But subsequent studies by analysts at IISS and the Washington-based Heritage Foundation say the gap between the US and Chinese military budgets may be as small as 13%.

And when you look at the advances the Chinese military has made since Xi became President in 2013, a large gap between China’s and America’s military budgets defies credulity:

— In just the past few years, China has put into service its first domestically built aircraft carrier, the Shandong;
— made its J-20 stealth fighter — seen as a challenge to the US F-22 and F-35 fighters — combat ready;
— boosted its ballistic missile submarine fleet, both with new boats and better missiles inside them;
— opened its first overseas military base in the African nation of Djibouti;
— and built a string of islands in the South China Sea that US Adm. Philip Davidson, the top US commander in the Indo-Pacifc, called the “Great Wall of SAMs,” or a string of surface-to-air missile bases could make the skies over area extremely hostile for any adversary’s air forces.

Lack of transparency

All that costs a lot of money, but it Beijing’s case it’s often hard to see where it comes from, analysts say.

“The defense budget data available from Beijing … suffer from three distinct problems: lack of transparency, known omissions and unreliability,” Frederico Bartels, a Heritage Foundation researcher, wrote in an April paper released on The Strategist, a website of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute.

Bartels came up with the 13% difference between the US and Chinese defense budgets after analyzing everything from currency exchange rates to the cost of labor across China.

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He told CNN any defense figures coming out of China should be treated with skepticism because Beijing doesn’t go into specifics on where money goes or under what budgets it may have been allocated.

Bartels gave the example of new aircraft carrier built in the US versus China.

In the US, the government would declare the price paid to an independent contractor to build the carrier. But in China, a state-run company would build the warship and only be answerable to Beijing.

The money for the new aircraft carrier could be transferred to the company under any one of numerous accounts, not necessarily ones related to the warship.

In the end, outside observers really can’t tell what this ship costs.

“That’s the type of game they can play with a state-owned enterprise,” Bartels said.

Police and coast guard forces

The Heritage researcher and the IISS analysis also point out that other parts of China’s defense establishment, such as its growing coast guard, are not seeing at least some of their spending included in the military budget.

According to the IISS study, the budget for the military’s People’s Armed Police (PAP), tasked with law enforcement, border defense and internal security, actually decreased when the large coast guard fleet came under control of the PAP in 2018.

“This would suggest that (Chinese Coast Guard) spending remains an extra-budgetary defense-related cost and should be added to total Chinese defense spending figures,” the IISS study said.

Meanwhile, the China Power Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies points out that annual spending figures made public by China’s Finance and Defense ministries can be off by as much as $3 billion.

To put that number in hardware terms, it’s roughly three of Beijing’s state-of-the-art Type 55 destroyers, key linchpins in the country’s naval buildup.

That buildup has been part of Xi Jinping’s military modernization that aims to the make the PLA at least the equal of the United States military in Asia.

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And with the progress made since Xi came to power in 2013 — and especially since he reorganized the country’s Central Military Commission and took aim at corruption in 2017 — it’s clear Beijing will not countenance any weakening of the PLA.

Bartels says the budget sends a strong message from Xi to the PLA that “we really value what the People’s Liberation Army is doing, and we want to be able to shield them even in less positive economic times.”

CNN’s Steven Jiang and Laura He contributed to this report.

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Roma-Man. Serikat | Pratinjau Roma vs Manchester United Europa League: Tempat Melihat, Berita Tim, Prediksi | Liga Eropa UEFA

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Manchester United unggul 6-2 pada kuarter pertama atas Roma di leg kedua semifinal Liga Europa pada 6 Mei pukul 21:00 CET.

Roma Vs Man. Building United

Apa yang terjadi di leg pertama

Sorotan: Man. United 6-2 Roma (2 menit)

Terkadang ada permainan dua bagian. Meski kehilangan tiga pemain karena cedera, Roma yang antusias memimpin 2-1 di Old Trafford saat jeda, tetapi terjadi kemacetan satu arah di babak kedua. Terinspirasi oleh dua kali Edinson Cavani, United menang 5-2 dengan lima gol tak terjawab dan mendapat pukulan besar ke final Liga Eropa UEFA.

Tempat menonton pertandingan di TV

Penggemar dapat menemukan mitra siaran Liga Eropa UEFA lokal mereka di sini.

Panduan formulir

Roma
Untuk m: LLLDLT
Terbaru: Samptoria 2-0 Roma, 02/05
Dimana mereka berdiri: Tempat ke-7 di Serie A.

Diego mencapai tonggak 20 gol Liga Europa

Diego mencapai tonggak 20 gol Liga Europa

Manchester United
Untuk m: WDWWWW
Terbaru: Manusia. United 6-2 Roma, 29/04 (UEFA Europa League, leg pertama semifinal)
Dimana mereka berdiri: Tempat ke-2 di Liga Premier

Baris yang memungkinkan

Roma: Mirande; Mancini, Smalling, Ipases; Carstarp, Bellegrini, Christonde, Bruno Perez; Mkhitaryan; Walikota, Diego

Manchester United: Di Jia; Van-Pisaka, Bailey, Maguire, Shaw; Matic, Fred; Rashford, Bruno Fernandez, Bogba; Greenwood

Prediksi ahli

Kembalinya Roma ke perempat final melawan Barcelona

Kembalinya Roma ke perempat final melawan Barcelona

Veeri Cabreta, reporter Roma: Roma tahu bagaimana membuat comeback epik di Olimpiade (Tanya Barcelona!), Jadi mereka belum selesai. Bentuk dan lesi mungkin berada di luar mereka saat ini. Jika 2018 sedikit luar biasa, ini lengkap.

Matthew Howard, koresponden Manchester United: Kesulitan United kalah di final pertama sejak 2017 akan menyedihkan pada tingkat yang luar biasa. Meski memimpin dengan nyaman, Ole Gunner Solskar dan para pemainnya tidak akan melewatkan peluang di ibu kota Italia. Harapkan untuk menyebutkan lineup kuat Norwegia yang mampu menyelesaikan pekerjaan dengan gaya.

Misi saya dengan Dimitar Berbatov

Misi saya dengan Dimitar Berbatov

Pemandangan dari kamp

Paulo Fonseca, pelatih Roma: “Kami harus realistis; jelas menang 4-0 itu tidak mudah, tapi saya telah melihat dan mengalami banyak hal dalam sepak bola. Tidak ada yang mustahil. Dibandingkan kami, mereka pasti menyegarkan. Selain itu, mereka memiliki keunggulan Hasil kuarter pertama aman, tapi kami ingin menang dan berjuang sampai akhir. “

Ole Gunner Soulscar, Senin. Manajer Serikat: “Kami tidak akan bermain [first-leg] Hasil dari; Kami akan bermain untuk memenangkan pertandingan. Saya pikir kita bisa memainkan permainan ini. Tentu, mungkin ada satu atau dua perubahan dalam ujian, tapi kita harus mencapai final. Semua orang mengatakan itu sudah berakhir, tapi saya telah melihat pasang surut yang lebih besar dari ini. Roma mengalahkan Barcelona 4-1 di leg kedua.

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Gempa berkekuatan sedang dengan kekuatan 4,3 12 km di selatan Kumamoto, Jepang / Volcano Discovery.

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Lihat juga: Laporan bulanan

Via, 6 Mei 2021, 00:28

00:28 | OLEH: GEMPA BUMI

4,3 magnitudo selatan Kumamoto, Jepang 6 Mei 2021 09:16 (GMT +9)

Pusat gempa dilaporkan di bawah dasar Samudra Pasifik, namun tidak ada peringatan tsunami yang dikeluarkan 10 menit di selatan Kumamoto, Jepang.
Gempa terjadi pada pukul 09.16 waktu setempat pada Kamis 6 Mei 2021 di kedalaman 12,9 km di bawah episentrum dekat Kumamoto Shi, Kumamoto, Jepang. Besaran, magnitudo, dan kedalaman gempa yang tepat dapat dikoreksi dalam beberapa jam atau menit ke depan saat ahli seismologi meninjau data dan menyempurnakan perhitungan mereka atau lembaga lain mempublikasikan laporan mereka.
Layanan pemantauan kami mengidentifikasi laporan kedua dari Pusat Seismologi Eropa-Mediterania (EMSC), yang mencantumkan gempa sebagai 4.0.
Berdasarkan data seismik awal, gempa tersebut mungkin dirasakan oleh banyak orang di wilayah tengah. Seharusnya tidak menyebabkan kerusakan yang signifikan kecuali benda yang jatuh dari rak, jendela pecah, dll.
Pusat gempa dilaporkan berada di bawah dasar Samudera Pasifik, namun tidak ada peringatan tsunami yang dikeluarkan.Pusat gempa dilaporkan di bawah dasar Samudera Pasifik (4.39.200 km / jam);
Getaran lemah mungkin telah dirasakan di Kumamoto (hlm. 680.400), 12 km dari pusat, 23 km dari Yukimachi-Mano (hlm. 31.700), 24 km dari Honmachi (p. 104.300), dan 25 dari Osu (hlm. 29.800) ). Km Jarak Yamaga (hlm. 32.300) adalah 36 km dan Omuda (p. 132.000) adalah 45 km.
Kota-kota lain di dekat episentrum yang merasakan episentrum adalah yang terlemah, antara lain Fukuoka (1.392.300 km), 104 km dari episentrum.
Jika perubahan ini terjadi, Volcano Discovery akan secara otomatis memperbarui besarnya dan kedalaman dan menindaklanjuti dengan berita penting lainnya tentang gempa tersebut. Jika Anda berada di area tersebut, kirimkan pengalaman Anda melalui mekanisme pelaporan kami
Realisme Atau melalui Aplikasi seluler kami. Ini akan membantu kami memberikan pembaruan pertama kepada siapa pun di seluruh dunia yang ingin mengetahui lebih banyak tentang gempa ini.

Data gempa:

Saya merasakan gempa ini

Tanggal & Waktu: 6 Mei 2021 9:16 AM (GMT +9) Waktu Setempat (6 Mei 2021 00:16 GMT)
Ukuran: 4.3
Kedalaman: 12,9 km.
Garis lintang / garis bujur tengah: 32,7 N / 130,71 E. (Kumamoto Shi, Kumamoto, Jepang)
Sumber data primer: NIED

Berita sebelumnya

Lebih dari 3 gempa bumi global dalam 24 jam terakhir pada 6 Mei 2021
Ringkasan: 6 gempa bumi 5.0+, 31 gempa bumi 4.0+, 126 gempa bumi 3.0+, 233 gempa bumi 2.0+ (total 396) Baca semua
Peta dunia menunjukkan gunung berapi dengan gempa dangkal (kurang dari 20 km) dalam radius 20 km dalam 24 jam terakhir pada tanggal 5 Mei 2021, menunjukkan jumlah gempa dalam tanda kurung.
4.3 Gempa 6 Mei 7:27 AM (GMT +9)
12 menit yang lalu, gempa bumi berkekuatan 4,3 mengguncang wilayah dekat Abepura di Papua, Indonesia. Pada pukul 07.27 waktu setempat pada Kamis, 6 Mei 2021, terjadi gempa dangkal 10 km di bawah permukaan. … Baca semua
3.0 Gempa bumi 5 Mei 3:14 sore (GMT -7)
Gempa berkekuatan 3.0 mengguncang wilayah dekat Desert Hot Springs di Riverside County, California. … Baca semua
5.1 Gempa bumi 6 Mei 2:13 pagi (GMT +8)
Badan Meteorologi, Iklim dan Geofisika Indonesia mengatakan gempa bumi berkekuatan 5,1 melanda hanya 10 menit yang lalu di dekat Gorontalo, Indonesia. Gempa terjadi pada pukul 02.13 pada Kamis 6 Mei 2021 di kedalaman 101 km. Besaran, magnitudo, dan kedalaman gempa yang tepat dapat dikoreksi dalam beberapa jam atau menit ke depan saat ahli seismologi meninjau data dan menyempurnakan perhitungan mereka atau lembaga lain mempublikasikan laporan mereka. … Baca semua

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Panduan Bentuk Final Liga Champions: Hasil Terbaru Kompetitor | Liga kejuaraan UEFA

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Bentuknya mencakup semua pertandingan; Hasil yang terbaru didaftarkan pertama. Hasil terbaru dan perangkat berikutnya adalah pertandingan liga domestik.

Final Liga Champions 2021

Kota Manchester
Enam pertandingan terakhir: WWWWWL
Perjalanan Terbaru: Man. City 2-0 Paris, 04/05 (semifinal Liga Champions UEFA, kuarter kedua)
Pertandingan berikutnya: Man. City vs Chelsea, 08/05
Posisi mereka: Pertama di Liga Premier, pemenang Piala Liga

Setiap manusia. Gol kota di rute terakhir

Kota ini pasti berbentuk segitiga. Pasukan Joseph Cardiola, yang telah dinobatkan sebagai juara liga setelah kekalahan telat Wembley dari Spurs di Wembley pada 26 April, tinggal satu kemenangan lagi untuk mengejar gelar Liga Premier ketiga dalam empat musim; Itu bisa terjadi saat melawan rival Istanbul Chelsea pada hari Sabtu.

Chelsea
Enam pertandingan terakhir: WWDWDW
Tur terakhir: Chelsea 2-0 Real Madrid, 05/05 (semifinal Liga Champions UEFA, kuartal kedua)
Pertandingan berikutnya: Man. City vs Chelsea, 08/05
Posisi mereka: Ke-4 di Liga Premier, final Piala FA

The Blues bertekad untuk mencapai empat besar di Liga Premier dan memiliki final Piala FA melawan Leicester City untuk dinantikan pada hari Sabtu 15 Mei. Mereka hanya kalah dua kali di semua kompetisi sejak Thomas Touchel memimpin pada akhir Januari.

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